Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease)
There are many different varieties of periodontal disease, and many ways in which these variations manifest themselves. All require immediate treatment by a dentist to halt the progression and save the gum tissue and bone. Here are some of the most common types of periodontal disease along with the treatments typically performed to correct them:
Gingivitis is the mildest and most common form of periodontitis, and is characterized by swelling and bleeding of the gums. It is caused by the release of chemicals from plaque and leads to periodontal disease.
Chronic Periodontal Disease
Chronic periodontal disease is the most common form of the disease, and occurs much more frequently in people over 45. Chronic periodontal disease is characterized by inflammation below the gum line and the progressive destruction of the gingival and bone tissue. It may appear that the teeth are gradually growing in length, but in actuality the gums are gradually recessing and exposing the roots of teeth.
Aggressive Periodontal Disease
Aggressive periodontal disease is characterized by the rapid loss of gum attachment, and the rapid loss of bone tissue. The disease itself is essentially the same as chronic periodontitis but the progression is much faster. Smokers, diabetics, and those with a family history of this disease are at an increased risk of developing aggressive periodontitis. Some medical conditions can intensify and accelerate the progression of periodontal disease.« Go Back